The nuclear guinea pigs

In the desert, there is no one? France's nuclear tests in Algeria

In the framework of the French nuclear tests in the Algerian Sahara, almost exactly 50 years ago, people were sent into the heart of a nuclear explosion. To study, as it has been done, the physiological and psychological effects of a nuclear environment "nuclear environment" on the fighting morale of the troops. And, oh yes, there were some Wusten inhabitants, too, weren't there??

In any case, almost all of them are a little sick or a little dead now. Whether it was the locals or the appointed guinea pigs who, just 20 minutes after the nuclear explosion at Fub, simulated combat submissions to within 650 meters of the "point zero", i.E. The heart of the detonation. This "point zero" is 65 kilometers from the town of Reggane, a still inhabited oasis – of 2.000 inhabitants to be exact.

Die franzosischen Atomtests in der algerischen Wuste sollen ca. 30.000 Opfer hinterlassen haben. Not surprising, given that the atmospheric tests had the explosive power of 3 to 4 Hiroshima bombs, as pointed out by the Association of Veterans of Nuclear Experiments, AVEN. Diese atmospharischen Versuche fanden von Februar 1960 bis April 1961 statt. So in the middle of the Cold War – and the Grande Nation wanted to show the world its brand new nuclear muscles at any cost. Look everybody, we have now also the bomb!

Algeria, which was a French colony until 1962, had to endure a total of 17 nuclear tests. 4 of them were atmospheric, the other 13 were underground. The whole nuclear circus in the Sahara continued until February 1966. That is after the Algerian independence. The French, in return for Algerian independence, had among other things.A. The right to stay 5 years longer in order to continue to use their "force de frappe", as President de Gaulle wished to develop it.

The plutonium bombs, which were tested in the desert and whose radiation has a life span of 24 years, are to be used in the new (sub)nuclear power plants.000 years, as the president of AVEN, Michel Verger, points out, has been carried out by means of so-called "nuclear tests" "cold explosions" tested. A test that takes place without nuclear reaction, but nevertheless leaves radioactive residues in the air, such as M. Verger explained to Telepolis:

Fur die Soldaten, die beim Versuch namens "Gerboise Verte" bewusst als Versuchskaninchen eingesetzt wurden, waren die Manover knapp nach einer Nuklearexplosion naturlich, gelinde gesagt, riskant.

Eine Stunde lang taktische Manover in der hoch radioaktiven Umgebung

291 Infanteristen und Panzerfahrer mussten eine Stunde lang taktische Manover in dieser hoch radioaktiven Umgebung vollziehen, um die Widerstandsfahigkeit der Manner und des militarischen Materials zu ergrunden, wie das politische Magazin "Le Point" to report female.

However, one should not think that the subsequent underground tests had been less destructive, as the veteran of AVEN points out:

Hundreds of hectares of land were contaminated with radioactivity, because many of the tests were not really clean. Even today, the surface of the sand, which has melted into lava, shows a marked increase in radioactivity.

Monsieur Verger was able to see for himself just last February how the Geiger counter, set down in the sand, struck up to its maximum. 50 years later, the radiation is still so strong that it cannot be detected by the Geiger counter!

Minister of Defense Herve Morin: low radiation dose!

As for the well-being of the soldiers who were used as guinea pigs, according to the Minister of Defense, Herve Morin, there is no need to worry because they were exposed to a low dose of radiation during their one-hour manover blob. The same Herve Morin had created last year a law (The contaminated of the Republic) that wanted to recognize and indemnify the military as well as civilian victims of the nuclear tests. Along with the Algerian as well as Polynesian natives, where the nuclear tests had gone on to Algeria. However, the law is said to leave a lot to be desired.

For example, France recognizes far fewer illnesses as caused by radiation, i.E. Worthy of financial compensation, than, for example, Algeria.B. Great Britain or the United States. Many Algerians who have been exposed to radiation and their descendants, many of whom are also ill, are now complaining that the complex compensation law does not recognize them as victims. Because they are the inhabitants of a former French colony? Not only that, because the French veterans often do not fare much better either.

Colonial policy and crime: Letting the grass grow over the matter

In 2005, when France wanted to create a law that would draw attention to the alleged also "positive role " of colonization, Algeria and other former French colonies did not like it very much, as expected. President Chirac had to withdraw the law. 5 years later, 125 Algerian deputies of the ruling majority introduced a bill to make France pay for the crimes committed during colonization, such as.B. Torture, massacres, deportations and the nuclear tests: "We do not demand a wallow from France. The Algerian war has proportionally caused more deaths in Algeria than the 1914-1918 war in France", as the political scientist and philosopher Seloua Luste Boulbina explains.

A war that for a long time was not a war at all, because for decades it has been concealed from "Incidents", "les evenements", when the subject of the Algerian war came up in France. It was not until 1999 that the deputies officially recognized that it had indeed been a war, and not just a matter of "evenements".

If this Algerian law project is actually implemented, those responsible for colonial crimes will be brought before an Algerian or international tribunal. The French Minister for "Immigration and National Identity" Eric Besson, former socialist, qualifies this project of law of the ex-colony as "too sensitive", to talk about it. Minister Bernard Kouchner obviously hopes that with time the matter will be resolved:

Die Generation der algerischen Unabhangigkeit ist noch an der Macht. After it, things may get easier.

A remark that did not really go down well with the Algerians. The Elysee Palace had to send two diplomatic advisors of Sarkozy to Algeria to try to defuse the situation.

Meanwhile, Algerian professor Ammar Mansouri of the Center for Nuclear Research insists that France finally reveal everything about the nuclear tests carried out between 1960 and 1968 in the south of his country. According to the professor, the level of radioactivity in the area is still 22 times above normal, and part of the local population suffers from physical deformities, cancer and other diseases presumably caused by radiation. Many Algerians demand from France that the contaminated zone be decontaminated and, of course, the much-cited compensation.

In der Wuste, da ist doch niemand?

Die franzosischen Autoritaten gingen bei den Vorbereitungen ihrer Atomversuche offenbar davon aus, dass die Sahara unbewohnt sei. Auber von Skorpionen und anderen niedlichen Tierchen. Doch lauscht man den Aussagen eines algerischen Lehrers auf dem engagierten Online-Medium "Bakchich" so sieht die Sache gleich ein wenig anders aus: Der Mann, der im Jahr 2000 einen Verein zur Anerkennung der franzosischen nuklearen Aktivitaten und vor allem deren Folgen gegrundet hat, erklart, dass eine breite Zone, rund um die Oase von Reggane, unweit vom "point zero" so, from 20.000 people was and still is inhabited. The man sees French nuclear tests in the desert as "Crimes against humanity" at.

The Algerian daily newspaper Elwatan speaks of 40.000 people exposed to radiation from 1960-1966. 10.000 workers were employed at the nuclear base. 6.500 French and 3.500 Algerians who were forced to work, according to the newspaper. Many of these workers are dead today. And so are their families, if they were in the vicinity of the explosion. In the 1960s, the locals were naturally unaware of what was happening to them. A quiet suspicion arose among the workers and locals when the French militars began issuing strange instructions: Before the explosion, the French had asked locals to leave their homes because they could collapse, and they had been instructed to stretch out on the ground in a belly-down position with their arms in front of their eyes.

Then a bright light equal to the sun appeared, reports a witness to the Algerian newspaper. Eine Viertel Stunde darauf kam ein ohrenbetaubender Larm auf und anschliebend die Druckwelle, die sich wie ein Erdbeben ausbreitete. The consequences were dramatic: women lost their children, goats and dromedaries fell ill and died. No more dates grow on the palm trees and vegetables have to be brought from the north. Not even mosquitoes are left. One of the positive effects of radioactive colonization?

Years of silence in Algeria

In Algeria itself, there was little or no talk about the nuclear tests for decades. The highly contaminated former French barracks were even used as detention centers. With the consequences that one can think of. The French atomic bomb tests became really official only in 1996, after the media had started to report about the tests late, but nevertheless.

The bombshell seems to have left political leaders on both sides of the Mediterranean speechless. Or rather the mutual financial interests? But what the heck, they are blob once again "Vorkommnisse". Die Abschlusssequenz mochte ich den verstrahlten Veteranen von AVEN uberlassen. Vive la France, vive la bombe!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.