Commentary: Germany discusses the lack of skilled workers and a bad pension system. Future skilled workers and pensioners are being deported
In early June, the Bundestag voted on the so-called migration package. "We need real skilled workers and not potential ones." Mark Helfrich of the CDU.
On the one hand, immigration should be regulated on the basis of migrants’ qualifications. On the other hand, the expulsion of unqualified persons is to be made easier. Pro Asyl’s figures illustrate the trend of Germany’s deportation policy: in the first third of 2017, the German government deported 72 Afghans. In the same period of 2018, there were 64. This year, there are already 127 deported Afghans.
In October 2016, the German government concluded a readmission agreement with Afghanistan. In this way, rejected asylum seekers can be turned away even without a passport. The fact that there is a general danger to civilians in Afghanistan is made clear by statistics from 2018. They show a record high in civilian deaths from acts of war-related violence.
The increase in danger in Afghanistan is also confirmed by a study of the Foreign Office. Attacks have increased; regions that were considered relatively safe until a few years ago have been overrun or are already under the control of the Taliban or other armed groups.
IS is active as another violent actor in some parts of the country, driving the violence. The UN today reclassifies Afghanistan as a country in "active conflict" no longer as a "Post-Conflict State". Nevertheless, the Federal Government and the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees are of the opinion that an acute danger to life is to be assumed exclusively for Western persons and facilities.
Afghans: Difficult conditions in Germany
Again and again, Afghans are expelled who are undergoing training to become skilled workers. Integrated people who are completing three-year training courses to become nurses or skilled tradesmen. All areas in which there is a shortage of skilled workers.
During their training, they are informed by the foreign authorities that they are not allowed to return to their place of work or school. Their toleration will not be prolonged, a declaration of departure will be issued. From this time they have one month to plan their departure.
In contrast to the refugees from Syria and Eritrea, the Afghans already had difficult conditions in Germany at the beginning of their entry. Since the federal government considered their prospects for the right to stay to be too slim, they did not receive any demands for integration and language courses in 2014 and 2015.
This disintegrating decrease was due to the deployment of the Bundeswehr in Afghanistan at that time. Politicians assumed that this presence would provide long-term security in the crisis region. An optimistic foresight. It turned out to be a mistake and put the people from Afghanistan at a disadvantage.
Nevertheless, many Afghans attended German courses at language schools on their own. After passing the examinations they applied for apprenticeships. Also to benefit from the so-called "3+2 rule" to profit. According to this regulation, the trainees receive a toleration permit if they complete a three-year training program and then work for two years as a specialist.
The fact that these future professionals are now being deported because they do not have a passport or Afghan ‘tazkira’ raises the following question: How is it possible that they could begin training without this apparently important document?? Many of them have been in Germany for more than three years.
It seems obvious that the government wants to compensate for organizational failures with deportations. The image of the welfare state is to be transformed into an authoritarian model of success in the run-up to the elections.
Ara Merkel and the German welcome culture have apparently failed. Many conservative voters wish for the ‘heavy hand’ of the state. That there are often problems with the deportations "integrated" people with qualifications, probably falls into the realm of collateral damage.
Integration in Germany: Strong in theory, weak in practice
Experts commissioned by the Bertelsmann Foundation have calculated that Germany needs 260,000.000 immigrants a year to make up for the shortage of skilled workers by 2060.
In 2018, the German Labor Agency published statistics on the topic of "Refugee Migration". According to these, 1.7 million people seeking protection were in Germany as of 31.12. 2017 were registered in the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR). 83 percent of them are under 35 years old. A sizable potential for a labor market crying out for caregivers and other skilled workers.
Yet only 35 percent of all refugees have completed secondary school. The statistics of the Federal Employment Agency refer to this as a "Structure of Unemployment". According to her, the majority of unemployed refugees are young and male. Most of them were suitable for jobs in which language skills played only a minor role. Possible fields of work are logistics, cleaning, cake help and sales.
Since the education and university degrees of most of the refugees are not recognized here, the majority of them have to acquire new qualifications in Germany. In order to acquire sufficient knowledge of the language, however, it would take at least six years before they would be available to the labor market as skilled workers.
Overzealous in "measures" put
In practice, refugees and migrants are often overzealously placed by job center staff in "measures" before they have sufficient language skills. Language trainees are suddenly sitting next to German trainees. Even native speakers are often overwhelmed by the content of the courses.
The majority of refugees do not even have a realistic chance of passing the examinations of an apprenticeship. After one or two years in Germany, they have neither the necessary learning requirements nor sufficient knowledge of German.
Often the trainees are integrated into the labor market even faster "integrated". Their asylum applications are still being processed, the future of their stay is uncertain. Although they are already in training to become potential skilled workers.
In addition to the overburdened trainees there are also the overburdened trainers and instructors. They see themselves eye to eye with learners who do not even understand half of what they are being taught. Many refugees have also attended school for less than five years themselves. They have never learned to learn.
In this way, numerous refugees and migrants drop out of their training in order to be employed directly as workers. In the care sector, the result is that, in addition to skilled workers, rudimentarily trained nursing assistants with hardly any language skills are now being used. Hospitals and nursing homes are rubbing their hands together: for eleven euros an hour, nursing assistants take care of the body hygiene and the care of those in need of care