Besides Europol, there should be a European judicial authority "Eurojust" give
At their autumn conference from 22 to 24 September, the justice ministers of the countries of. To 24. November in Brussel again further on the construction of the 3. Saule is being tinkered with: The European police authority Europol is to be joined by a European judicial authority Eurojust. A European public prosecutor is to take care of the fight against fraud in the future. The judicial integration on a European level will be supported by a special computer program CURIS.
Thus, they support the establishment of the judicial coordination unit Eurojust. It will also be involved at an early stage in Europol’s analysis projects. As long as the national judicial authorities are not involved in a particular criminal case, Eurojust will act as the guardian of the interests of the national judicial authorities.
In transnational criminal investigations, too, it is not Europol but the judiciary in general which is to have the "the judiciary in general" be delegated. Until Eurojust is established, a provisional unit will perform its tasks "directly" take over its tasks immediately thereafter. The establishment of Eurojust was decided by the European Council in Tampere in autumn 1999.
European Public Prosecutor
The European Council also agrees with the Commission’s proposal to establish a European Public Prosecutor for the fight against fraud "the protection of the financial interests" of the EU. In fact, the introduction of the euro has long been seen as a catalyst for centralizing police and judicial functions in Brussels.
Europol is also to receive extended competences in the fight against fraud. However, since there is still no uniform legal basis for this, the ministers are also calling for "problems such as loss of sovereignty, lack of institutional linkage, political responsibility for such an institution and, finally, the question of the legal judge" to include.
In order to facilitate international mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, the ministers advocated the development of a computer program called CURIS.
As early as 1976, the EC interior ministers coordinated their policies They met in Rome at that time and founded the Trevi Group, which dealt with terrorism, radicalism, extremism and international crime After the dismantling of border posts, internal security became a problem. That is why the 3. Saule "Interior and Justice" created in 1993 in the EU Treaty of Maastricht alongside the pillars of economic policy and auben and security policy.
In the Maastricht Treaty, the following areas were declared to be "matter of common interest" explains: asylum policy, border controls, immigration policy, the fight against drugs and fraud, as well as cooperation in civil and criminal matters and in the customs field. Another point is the police cooperation and the development of Europol since 1994.
Finally, the 1997 Amsterdam Treaty brought key areas of justice and home affairs policy, previously dealt with through intergovernmental cooperation, into the Community framework. Within five years, the member states are to adopt common rules in the areas of asylum, refugee, immigration and visa policy. Decisions can only be taken unanimously. After the five years it will be decided to vote by majority in the future. ()